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测试配置

介绍

Introduction

Playwright 有许多选项来配置测试的运行方式。你可以在配置文件中指定这些选项。请注意,测试运行器选项是顶层的,不要将它们放入 use 部分。

Playwright has many options to configure how your tests are run. You can specify these options in the configuration file. Note that test runner options are top-level, do not put them into the use section.

基本配置

Basic Configuration

以下是一些最常见的配置选项。

Here are some of the most common configuration options.

import { defineConfig, devices } from '@playwright/test';

export default defineConfig({
// Look for test files in the "tests" directory, relative to this configuration file.
testDir: 'tests',

// Run all tests in parallel.
fullyParallel: true,

// Fail the build on CI if you accidentally left test.only in the source code.
forbidOnly: !!process.env.CI,

// Retry on CI only.
retries: process.env.CI ? 2 : 0,

// Opt out of parallel tests on CI.
workers: process.env.CI ? 1 : undefined,

// Reporter to use
reporter: 'html',

use: {
// Base URL to use in actions like `await page.goto('/')`.
baseURL: 'http://127.0.0.1:3000',

// Collect trace when retrying the failed test.
trace: 'on-first-retry',
},
// Configure projects for major browsers.
projects: [
{
name: 'chromium',
use: { ...devices['Desktop Chrome'] },
},
],
// Run your local dev server before starting the tests.
webServer: {
command: 'npm run start',
url: 'http://127.0.0.1:3000',
reuseExistingServer: !process.env.CI,
},
});
OptionDescription
testConfig.forbidOnlyWhether to exit with an error if any tests are marked as test.only. Useful on CI.
testConfig.fullyParallelhave all tests in all files to run in parallel. See /Parallelism and sharding for more details.
testConfig.projectsRun tests in multiple configurations or on multiple browsers
testConfig.reporterReporter to use. See Test Reporters to learn more about which reporters are available.
testConfig.retriesThe maximum number of retry attempts per test. See Test Retries to learn more about retries.
testConfig.testDirDirectory with the test files.
testConfig.useOptions with use{}
testConfig.webServerTo launch a server during the tests, use the webServer option
testConfig.workersThe maximum number of concurrent worker processes to use for parallelizing tests. Can also be set as percentage of logical CPU cores, e.g. '50%'.. See /Parallelism and sharding for more details.

过滤测试

Filtering Tests

按通配符模式或正则表达式过滤测试。

Filter tests by glob patterns or regular expressions.

playwright.config.ts
import { defineConfig } from '@playwright/test';

export default defineConfig({
// Glob patterns or regular expressions to ignore test files.
testIgnore: '*test-assets',

// Glob patterns or regular expressions that match test files.
testMatch: '*todo-tests/*.spec.ts',
});
OptionDescription
testConfig.testIgnoreGlob patterns or regular expressions that should be ignored when looking for the test files. For example, '*test-assets'
testConfig.testMatchGlob patterns or regular expressions that match test files. For example, '*todo-tests/*.spec.ts'. By default, Playwright runs .*(test|spec).(js|ts|mjs) files.

高级配置

Advanced Configuration

playwright.config.ts
import { defineConfig } from '@playwright/test';

export default defineConfig({
// Folder for test artifacts such as screenshots, videos, traces, etc.
outputDir: 'test-results',

// path to the global setup files.
globalSetup: require.resolve('./global-setup'),

// path to the global teardown files.
globalTeardown: require.resolve('./global-teardown'),

// Each test is given 30 seconds.
timeout: 30000,

});
OptionDescription
testConfig.globalSetupPath to the global setup file. This file will be required and run before all the tests. It must export a single function.
testConfig.globalTeardownPath to the global teardown file. This file will be required and run after all the tests. It must export a single function.
testConfig.outputDirFolder for test artifacts such as screenshots, videos, traces, etc.
testConfig.timeoutPlaywright enforces a timeout for each test, 30 seconds by default. Time spent by the test function, fixtures, beforeEach and afterEach hooks is included in the test timeout.

期望选项

Expect Options

期望断言库的配置。

Configuration for the expect assertion library.

playwright.config.ts
import { defineConfig } from '@playwright/test';

export default defineConfig({
expect: {
// Maximum time expect() should wait for the condition to be met.
timeout: 5000,

toHaveScreenshot: {
// An acceptable amount of pixels that could be different, unset by default.
maxDiffPixels: 10,
},

toMatchSnapshot: {
// An acceptable ratio of pixels that are different to the
// total amount of pixels, between 0 and 1.
maxDiffPixelRatio: 0.1,
},
},

});
OptionDescription
testConfig.expectWeb first assertions like expect(locator).toHaveText() have a separate timeout of 5 seconds by default. This is the maximum time the expect() should wait for the condition to be met. Learn more about test and expect timeouts and how to set them for a single test.
expect(page).toHaveScreenshot()Configuration for the expect(locator).toHaveScreeshot() method.
expect(value).toMatchSnapshot()Configuration for the expect(locator).toMatchSnapshot() method.